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Scientists expect sea levels to rise approximately 3 feet (1 m) in the next 100 years due to global warming. This is not only due to the melting of polar land ice, but also “thermal expansion”, in which water increases in volume as it warms.
Green turtles, like all sea turtles, grow very slowly. Different populations of turtles grow at different rates based on habitat quality, availability and abundance of food sources, and environmental conditions. A typical, healthy green turtle will grow only half an inch (1-2 cm) per year until they reach maturity. It likely takes between 25-40 years for a green turtle to reach maturity and reproduce for the first time.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest ocean basin. At over 59 million square miles, the Pacific is over sixteen times larger than the entire surface area of the United States.
You may have known that corals are living animals but did you know that they have a partnership with algae living inside of them? Algae known as zooxanthellae (zo-zan- thel-ay) live in the coral’s tissue. The coral gives the algae protection and nutrients while the algae provide food and oxygen to the coral in return. When two living organisms help each other out like this we call it a symbiotic relationship.
On the outside, green turtles are usually some combination of brown, black and grey in color, with yellow accents. They are called “green” turtles because their internal fat tissue is green due to their herbivorous diet.
Within the past week, sensors at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii recorded carbon dioxide levels reaching 415 part per million, the highest in human history. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas released by the burning of fossil fuels including coal, oil, and natural gas, which then trap solar radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere. Anthropogenic, or human-caused, release of carbon dioxide is responsible for global temperature increases associated with climate change. In 2018 alone, carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere increased 2.7% (approx. 2.5ppm) and this rate is expected to... (more)